Apr 29, 2020

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RESEARCH ON PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECT OF THANH TRI YOGA (THANH TRI MIND DHARMA) ON STRESS AND DEPRESSION – Chapter 2. (HIỆU QUẢ TÂM LÝ TỪ LIỆU PHÁP YOGA THANH TRÍ (TÂM PHÁP THANH TRÍ) ĐỐI VỚI CĂN BỆNH TRẦM CẢM – Chương 2)

BRIEF RESEARCH REPORT

Title: “ RESEARCH ON PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECT OF THANH TRI YOGA (THANH TRI MIND DHARMA) ON STRESS AND DEPRESSION”

Chief Resercher: Director Thinley Nguyen Thanh

Chapter 2. OVERVIEW OF FACTS AND EVIDENCES ON STRESS AND DEPRESSION TREATMENT RESULTS IN VIETNAM AND OTHER COUNTRIES
I. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND OF STRESS AND DEPRESSION AND POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
1.1. Theoretical background of stress
According to the World Health Organization (WHO): “Depression is a common mental disorder, characterized by sadness, loss of interest or pleasure, feeling of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, tiredness and poor concentration.”
“Depression can be long-lasting or recurrent, substantially impairing people’s ability to function at work or school and to cope with daily life. At its most severe, depression can lead to suicide. Mild to moderate depression can be effectively treated without drugs. Antidepressants in combination with psychotherapy, can be an effective form of treatment for moderate to severe depression.”
According to The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV, 1984), the American Psychiatric Association points out: “Depression (major depressive disorder) is a common and serious medical illness that causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed, loss of energy or increased fatigue. Symptoms must last at least two weeks for a diagnosis of depression.”

Andrew M.Colman

And some symptoms of depression have been pointed out by Andrew M.Colman as: “changes in apettite, weight loss, trouble sleeping (particularly in the mid and end of sleeping), sleeping too much, fatigue, feeling of worthless or guilty, difficulty thinking or concentrating, thoughts of death or suicide. These appear as many as symptoms of mental disorders.”
Hence, the definition of depression is a condition which negatively affects the way we think or behave. Depression is found in three psychological aspects of a person: recognition – action – emotion. Through this definition, depression, although may have different names, share the same nature and should be accessed from two angles: Psychology and Psychopathology.
In view of psychology, depression is seen as a negative state like fear, anxiety, loss of will and self-worth, long-lasting negative feeling and lays substantial effects on almost all facets of life from emotion, recognition, to will and action.
In view of psychopathology, depression is seen as a mood disorder that affects a person’s personal life, social relationship and work life. It is shown both in psychology and behavior, speech and body.
According to The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), a person is diagnosed to suffer from depression when having feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed in at least two weeks. They must have at least five among nine following symptoms:
1. Feeling sad or having a depressed mood
2. Loss of interest or pleasure in activities once enjoyed
3. Changes in appetite – weight loss or gain unrelated to dieting
4. Trouble in sleeping or sleeping too much.
5. Loss of energy or increased fatigue.
6. Increase in purposeless physical activity
7. Feeling worthless or excessive guilty.
8. Difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions.
9. Recurrent thoughts of death and suicide.
Based on above clinical symptoms, depression is classified into different degrees of intensity: mild; moderate; severe; without symptom severity; with symptom severity.
The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was built in 1961, standardized in 1969 and copyrighted in 1979. It includes two versions: the original, long BDI with 21 items designed to evaluate prevalent symptoms of depression. Each item contains four statements; a score value of 0 to 3 is assigned for each statement. Items from 1 to 13 aim to assess mental symptoms while 14 to 21 are for physical symptoms. The revised, short version contains 13 items which are used for primary health staff. It is also used to diagnose symptoms of depression.
The BDI scale measures depression in two aspects: psychology and physical health:
– Psychology: sadness without reason; pessimistic thinking; tension; feeling of failure; feeling of guilt; a negative sense of self; difficulty in daily work; difficulty in concentration; hypersensitivity (unstoppable crying); thoughts of death; loss of sexual desire.
– Physical health: sleeping disorder, midnight wake-up, loss of appetite, reduced or lost sexual activity. In severe episode, feeling exhausted, rapid weight loss, headache, feeling of nervous, shortness of breath, excessive sweating in the forehead, palms and feet are involved. The body feels massively tired as if incurring many diseases at the same time, but cannot be diagnosed with any specific illness.
1.2. Theoretical background of psychology and positive psychology
As mentioned above, the objective of the research is human psychology, and the theoretical background of Thanh Tri Yoga is Buddhist Logic, Philosophy and Epistemology, which share similarity with positive psychology. Hence, this research will review the development of psychology and important characteristics of positive psychology.
There are various psychological therapies in the world. Some therapists have direct approach while others go by indirect ways. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy – CBT is a specific form of psychotherapy that focuses on identifying and restructuring negative patterns of thought and behavior. This technique is developed by Aaron Beck based on cognitive theory to be used for stress and anxiety treatment. CBT is the combination of cognitive-behavioral therapy which helps the patient “reset” their negative thoughts and actions into positive ones. Beck has developed specific frameworks to challenge the patient’s fear of being trapped and to show that it isn’t rational, gradually introduce things (the patient is afraid of) and pair them with new (more accurate) thoughts. This helps the patient feel better. However, the disadvantages of this therapy are:
• It’s necessary to strictly obey the process to gain the best result, thus the cooperation of the patient is highly needed
• Regular participation of talks or extra homework may take much time of the patient
• The patient has to confront directly with their emotion and anxiety, thus the first phase of treatment meets the difficulty
• The content of the therapy mainly concentrates on the ability to change oneself (thought, emotion and behavior) –this excludes the dealing with other social problems.
• Dealing with present and specific issues while failing to deal with potential causes that may lead to other mental diseases, such as an unhappy childhood.

Prof. Jon Kabat-Zinn

Another way of approach is Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) – a program that combines with mindfulness to ease chronic pains and other problems which are found difficult to be treated in hospital. This program, developed by Prof. Jon Kabat-Zinn at the University of Massachusetts Medical School in 1970, is the combination of meditation on mindfulness, body awareness and yoga to increase the ability of concentration. Mindfulness-based approaches were tested on a series of health problems, including depressive disorders, drug abuse disorder, binge eating disorder, chronic pain, ADHD and insomnia, with the objectives including children, teenagers, parents, teachers, therapists and doctors. MBSR can have a beneficial effect in helping with the depression and psychological distress associated with chronic illness.
However, the shortcoming of this therapy is that the learner has to meditate in a fixed space and gain result just within the meditation session. On coming out of the class, the learner finds it difficult to keep up the state mindfulness. Furthermore, this therapy has yet given out any solution to develop a growth mindset and compassion, which are seen as the source of happiness in view of Buddhism.

Prof. Martin Seligman

In 1998, Prof. Martin Seligman was elected President of the American Psychological Association (APA) where he began to shift the focus of the field of psychology in America to include positive aspects of the human psyche. This is the origination of positive psychology – a new branch of psychology.
In positive psychology, happiness is often described through two approaches: “hedonistic” and “eudemonistic”.
The first approach (hedonistic) seeks happiness by maximizing pleasure and minimizing pains. This view may satisfy human’s desires but it may not yield the happiness in the long run, or even in the short run. Happiness, according to the “hedonistic” view, means we constantly seek out new pleasures and experiences to “top up” our happiness and at the same time, trying to minimize unpleasant feelings and experiences.
The second approach (eudemonic) is related to having a meaningful and noble purpose for life. We make the best use of our advantages in contributing to something greater than us, ourselves. This way tends to lead to more profound happiness and contentment.
In Flourish (2011), Martin Seligman introduces the Perma model which contains five core elements of psychological well-being and happiness:
– Positive emotions
– Engagement
– Relationships
– Meaning
– Achievement/Accomplishment
From these five elements, Martine Seligman develops 24 characters with lessons that help people become more humane, civilized and positive. These 24 characters are grouped into six virtues:
– Wisdom: Ability to perceive, including six characters: creativity, curiosity, judgement, love of learning, perspective.
– Courage: Ability to overcome fear and confront with difficulties, including four characters: bravery, perseverance, honesty and vitality.
– Humanity: Sensitivity and ability to connect with others, including three characters: kindness, love and social intelligence.
– Justice: Ability to do judgement and create justice, including three characters: fairness, leadership and teamwork.
– Temperance: Ability to equal emotions and psychology to promote innate development, including four characters: forgiveness, humility, prudence and self-regulation.
– Transcendence: Ability to gain deeper growth on spirituality, philosophy or world vision through self experiences, including five characters: an appreciation of beauty and excellence, gratitude, humor and spirituality.
II. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND OF THANH TRI YOGA (THANH TRI MIND DHARMA)
2.1. Positive psychology in Thanh Tri Yoga (Thanh Tri mind dharma)
The theoretical background of Thanh Tri Yoga is Buddhist Logic, Philosophy and Epistemology which shares similarity with and even broader than positive psychology because the doctrinal system of Buddhism is the science of human’s mind and look deep into the activity of the brain.
Thanh Tri Yoga can be defined in the view of both Buddhism and positive psychology as follows: Thanh Tri Yoga is the combination of methods developed on the foundation of Buddhist doctrines to develop positive psychology for the learner, helping them gain more profound and long-term happiness and contentment in the sense of “eudemonistic.” This method helps the learner achieve this state because of mind transformation. In Thanh Tri Yoga, the mind plays the central role because man is the master of their own destiny and their mind largely dominates social life.
2.2. Core characteristics of Thanh Tri Yoga (Thanh Tri mind dharma)
Based on the Buddhist doctrine, Thanh Tri Yoga contains some characteristics of which the first two are most important. They can be generalized as:

 

– The unity of actions of “body-speech-mind”

The unity of actions of “body-speech-mind”

The first and most crucial characteristic of Thanh Tri Yoga is the unity of actions of “body-speech-mind” in the right orbit of Dharma, which meets the variety of demand for both physical and mental improvements, including methods to gain progress from thought to behavior, and finally create a healthy internal life. This process is illustrated by the following chart:
1. Realize self-value;
2. Redirect mindset and actions to gain best results;
3. Develop a healthy internal life to liberate repressed emotions and defiled energy/impulses.
– Mind transformation

Mind transformation

In Thanh Tri Yoga, psychology is developed as a method of looking into the state of mind (sadness, gladness, resentment, hatred, jealousy, envy, doubt, greed, delusion…) or in other words, the learner can deal with their own emotions and feelings.
– Result

Result: Inner happiness; Work going on smoothly; Success in society

The practice of Thanh Tri Yoga brings about positive results in life and psychology. This is the third characteristic of Thanh Tri Yoga. Generally, Thanh Tri Yoga directs learners toward three objectives:
1) Inner happiness
2) Work going on smoothly
3) Success in society
These three objectives revolve around the axis of “Contentment” which prevents the learner from being pulled by limitless desires.
-Adaptability
The fourth characteristic of Thanh Tri Yoga is the adaptability to time, ability and situation of the learner who is living a busy life in this modern time. That’s why Thanh Tri Yoga is not only appropriate for learners in Vietnam but also from many other countries in the world.
-Uninterruption

Uninterruption

Thanh Tri Yoga provides an uninterrupted environment, unlimited condition of time and space for practice. With 24/24 time for practice, learners can adopt knowledge, unite body-speech-mind, improve self-value, enhance motivation for striving, and particularly select their suitable space and time for doing “therapy”.
2.3. Theoretical Background of Thanh Tri Yoga on Medical and Psychological Aspects
As mentioned above, the practice of Thanh Tri Yoga can treat “depressive diseases”. The theoretical background of Thanh Tri Yoga can be viewed in medical and psychological aspects as follows:
It is amazing to explore the power of the human brain. Certain memories involve more details and thus take up more space; other memories are forgotten and thus free up space. Additionally, some information is not worth remembering in the first place. Even if a person doesn’t give any thought, the brain is still active and acquainted with the thoughts that it often deals with.
For ordinary people, especially in the modern digital age, they are continually receiving a lot of information from modern electronic devices from early morning to falling asleep. They keep updating information from countless sources such as newspapers, word of mouth, phones, computers and stuffing them into the brain. Thereby, we find that people generally have no choice in receiving information streams and that much of the information they put into the brain. Most of the information is negative and not helpful for the long-term growth of the brain.

The information we receive every day is the teachings of the Enlightened One transmitted through Guru’s articles and lectures on the website chanhtuduy.com

On the contrary, with a Song Nguyen Tantra House’s Practitioner, the information we receive every day is the teachings of the Enlightened One transmitted through Guru’s articles and lectures on the website chanhtuduy.com, followed by the activities of the dharma practices both in social spaces and holy spaces. Through this, we not only transmit positive information to the brain but also spread the wave of quintessence to it, which helps to accelerate the production of new neurons.


Vietnamese version: HIỆU QUẢ TÂM LÝ TỪ LIỆU PHÁP YOGA THANH TRÍ (TÂM PHÁP THANH TRÍ) ĐỐI VỚI CĂN BỆNH TRẦM CẢM – Chương 2

 


Related articles:

  1. RESEARCH ON PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECT OF THANH TRI YOGA ON STRESS AND DEPRESSION ( Chapter I) ( HIỆU QUẢ TÂM LÝ TỪ LIỆU PHÁP YOGA THANH TRÍ (TÂM PHÁP THANH TRÍ) ĐỐI VỚI CĂN BỆNH TRẦM CẢM (CHƯƠNG I))
  2. RESEARCH ON PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECT OF THANH TRI YOGA (THANH TRI MIND DHARMA) ON STRESS AND DEPRESSION – Chapter 2. (HIỆU QUẢ TÂM LÝ TỪ LIỆU PHÁP YOGA THANH TRÍ (TÂM PHÁP THANH TRÍ) ĐỐI VỚI CĂN BỆNH TRẦM CẢM – Chương 2)

 

  1. Matthew Franzen says:

    Thank you so very much wise and holy one…! I enjoyed this article very much! I practice many of these techniques on a daily basis. They have kept me breathing for many years beyond my life expectancy. Truly a miracle.

  2. Saliu Abdulmumin says:

    Dear holy guru

    Thank you for this article, I am so happy to have you as my guru.

    This technique is very good to the body,I wish all beings will understand and work on it.

    My name is Tantra sumaka.

    I pray for quick end to Corona viruse.

    May guru live long and have good health.

    May beings be free from suffering and have enlightenment.

  3. Dr C H Lakshminarayan says:

    I bow my head at the lotus feet of Guru.

    Guru is my guide

    Buddha is my life

    Dharma is my boat

    Sangha is my Spirit

    Though it is said brief report, about the research report of the second part, confirming the scientific foundation of the activities namely, the six dharma practices going on to prevent stress, anxiety and depression  due to positive emotions is no doubt  re confirmation of their   benefit on the Mankind which is a marvelous adventure !.  But such a lengthy report may cause certain amount of stress to read patiently and understand  for a lay dharma practitioner as a  matter of joke !

    My comments written for the first part holds good and applicable here also. I felt overwhelmingly joy and congratulate for the same.

    Sarve  janaha Sukhino bhavanthu.

    Om Mani Padme Hum.

    Tantra Nirvadeva

  4. Rimtan Tikhak says:

    Dear great holy guru

    Thank you so much for sharing your great knowledge

    Wisdom great men doing great work for the society….

    I am is Rev Suttasoma Bhante

    I live in Yangon

    Sādhu sādhu sādhu Venerable

     

  5. Rimtan Tikhak says:

    Thank you guru but I study in Myanmar but I am from India

  6. tantra mahavita says:

    Dear Holy Guru … I bow my head at the feet of the Guru’s Lotus … The Guru is my guide … Buddha is my life … Dharma is my boat and Sangha is my spirit …. Thank you very much for share excellent article …. I am as happy to have you as Guru … It really is a technique that gives an optimal result of body word and mind … Deeply wishing that this pandemic ends … That our Guru lives a long life happy … May all beings benefit and find their Buddha Nature … OM MANI PADME HUM

  7. Tantra Mashita says:

    Dear holy and compassionate guru,

    I bow my head down for you!

    I devote myself to you!

    Many thanks to you for sharing this research with us. It’s so interesting. In fact I read a lot of articles about the depression a lot, but that’s almost the best one. Also I think I should try to practice these techniques in my daily life. Thank you so much again. Day after day my devotion to you becomes bigger and bigger and today I remembered you and chanhtuduy.com suddenly, while I was practicing the footsteps with mantra recitation. I really saw your photo with the red clothes in front of me !

    May you have good health and live long for the benefit of all sentient beings.

    May all sentient beings attain the happiness of Buddha’s nature.

    May the pandemic caused by corona virus soon end

    Om Mani Padme Hum

  8. Tantra Ashihata (Simon Michael) says:

    Dear holy Guru,

    My name is Tantra Ashihata,

    I appreciate you for this article you have given to us which deal with psychology of man and using Buddhism to treat psychology issues by using thanh tri yoga. We appreciate you my holy Guru for given us the opportunity to read this article.

    May Guru live long for the benefit of all sentient beings

    May the end of corona virus come to an end soon

    May all sentient beings be free from suffering.

    Om Mani padme hum.

     

  9. Mật Giác Đăng says:

    Dear Guru,

    I am delighted to read Chapter 2 of Brief Research Report “Research on psychological effect of Thanh Tri Yoga (Thanh Tri mind dharma) on stress and depression”.

    Through this article, I understand more about depression which negatively affects three psychological aspects of a person: regconition – action – emotion. It has different degrees of intensity and should be accessed from two angles Psychology and Psychopathology. I also learn that many psychological therapies have been developed to cure depression. However, there are still some limitations in them (such as Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and Mindfulness-based stress reduction), related to time, space, continuity and they just can only solve the current problems, do not solve related social issues, do not completely eliminate the root cause of disease, even more do not help develop thinking, compassion which is the source of happiness.

    I am excited to know about the new branch of psychology – positive psychology and two approaches to happiness: “hedonistic” and “eudemonistic” as well as the Perma model introduced by Prof. Martin Seligman. It can be seen that positive psychology surpassed previous psychological therapies when there is a focus on finding ways to keep mentally health, focusing on happiness.

    From here, when reading part II. Theoretical background of Thanh Tri Yoga (Thanh Tri mind dharma) I am especially elated at the novelty of the new, the breakthrough based on the breakthrough in Guru’s research. Because “The theoretical background of Thanh Tri Yoga is Buddhist Logic, Philosophy and Epistemology which shares similarity with and even broader than positive psychology because the doctrinal system of Buddhism is the science of human’s mind and look deep into the activity of the brain”.

    I further express my gratitude for the “ahead of the times” the spiritual dialectical science Yoga Thanh Tri that comes from the wisdom and Bodhicitta of the Master, the Founder of Thanh Tri lineage. I am elated with the key point of this method is to transform the mind along with 5 core characteristics that are generalized by Guru in which the first and foremost characteristic is “The unity of actions of body-speech-mind” and the second is “Mind transformation”.

    I am grateful and I rejoice to praise the virtues and merits of holy Guru bringing the great spiritual work Thanh Tri mind dharma for the happiness and benefits of sentient beings in which we, disciples and learners at ITA institute, are the fortunated persons who have experienced and validated the results. I pray for myself as well as all of us will always cherish, keep awareness, mindfulness, attention, and effort diligently in rehearsing, practicing Thanh Tri mind dharma under the guidance of Guru.

    May holy Guru and your consort have good health and live long for the sake of all sentient beings.

    May Covid-19 pandemic will be soon eliminated.

    May all sentient beings achieve the happiness of Buddha’s nature.

    Om Mani Padme Hum.

  10. Charles Wentland says:

    Dear Holy Guru,

    Thank-You for this great article. It is worth reading over and over. It addresses many sufferings in many societies I live in the middle of the US in Indiana. I will continue to seek your wisdom.

    Charles

     

  11. Mật Giác Đăng says:

    Dear Guru,

    Thank you for encouraging me.

    Guru is always humble.

    May you and your consort have good health and live long for the sake of all sentient beings.

    Om Mani Padme Hum.

  12. Paul Yawney says:

    Dear Holy Guru, I bow head to feet. thank you for another great article .I do have some limited knowledge in this field because of my previous employment. This very well written and covers it all.  I have gained much from your teachings and words of wisdom. Thank you.  May Holy Guru and Consort enjoy a long and peaceful life. May there be soon an end to  this virus and suffering it is causing. OM MANI PADME HUNG..  TANTRA HIMATARU.

  13. Petra says:

    Dear Holy Guru

    I thank you for this article. I think it is important that more people understand about depression and anxiety. Some people act like “if you can’t see it, it’s not a problem”

    A broken bone you can see but not this so shake it off.

    To be able to think in a different path has helped me. I thank Guru for these articles, they have helped me on my journey.

    May all sentient beings feel the peace they need and may they be blessed and be free from suffering.

    May Guru feel blessed and peaceful and be free from harm and suffering

    Om Mani Padme Hum

  14. Jason Cook says:

    Guru, thankful for this information, appreciated.

    Grand
    Unity
    Readily
    Understood.

    I will look in to this Yoga, dear teacher.

  15. Randy says:

    As a “victim” of depression, I now think that I have a cure(FOR MYSELF).  When sorrow over ANYTHING arises, meditation sounds like a reasonable output.  After all, it is my mind that is going through this, so am I not able to RETHINK these emotion?

  16. Tantra Pramitdhita (Josh Hacker) says:

    Holy Guru,

    I bow my head before your lotus feet!!! Thank you for sharing “RESEARCH ON PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECT OF THANH TRI YOGA (THANH TRI MIND DHARMA) ON STRESS AND DEPRESSION – Chapter 2.” My mind is in a funk today and I am grateful to have chanhtuduy.com to visit.
    May you have a blessed and peaceful day!

    May Guru live a long and healthy life for the sake of all sentient beings

    May all sentient beings achieve the happiness of Buddha’s nature

    May the global pandemic caused by the corona virus soon end

    Om Mani Padme Hum

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