Jul 8, 2020

Posted by in BUDDHISM IN OTHER LANGUAGES | 23 Comments

Letter to Disciples No.83: FEMALE BODY AND FEMINITY IN BUDDHIST PERSPECTIVE ( Thư gửi các trò số 83 : Thân nữ và tính nữ theo quan kiến Đạo Phật)

Letter to Disciples No.83: FEMALE BODY AND FEMINITY IN BUDDHIST PERSPECTIVE
Dear disciples!
At Winds Café on Le Quy Don Street, Vung Tau City, we were celebrating the International Women’s Day (March 8). The space here is a total work of art with delicate decoration. Groups of lamps, light strings and lanterns hung around the plants or mounted on the wall create a stunning view from any angles. I bought flowers to present Mat Dieu, my spiritual consort, and other female disciples in Song Nguyen Tantra House – Vung Tau Branch. It’s a pity that I didn’t inform my trip to Vung Tau in advance, thus some disciples could not arrange to join in our meeting due to being busy with company’s parties or family affairs. No problem, provided you understand that Dharma is life, life is Dharma, that is cherished. I could feel the sense of joy from Mat Dieu, so did from Mat Vien, Mat Kinh, Mat Tu… . Here we had an opportunity to honor the role of women which was claimed by persistent struggles of the predecessors. This day originated from a socio-political struggle which then became the global movement for gender equality.
The establishment of the International Women’s Day (March 8) can be traced back to the movement of women textile and garment workers at the end of XIX century. On March 8, 1857, thousands of women who were textile and garment workers went on strike and marched through the New York City to protest against harsh working conditions. Two years later, also in March, women textile workers set up their first trade union and won certain rights and benefits.
Around fifty years later on August 3, 1908, 15,000 women marched through New York City demanding better pay, shorter hours and abolishment of child work. The Socialist Party of America then declared February 28, 1909 the first National Women’s Day.

Lịch sử ngày 8/3 bắt đầu từ phong trào của nữ công nhân ngành dệt nước Mỹ

Since then, that day has become the global date for women workers, which signified the will of women in struggling for national independence, democracy, peace and social progress; for the rights and happiness of women and children. However, on March 8, 1910, at the 2nd International Conference of Working Women with the participation of 100 women from 17 countries claiming for voting rights, a German woman named Clara Zetkin, chairwoman of the conference, tabled the idea of an International Women’s Day in honoring the women in the world who fought for gender parity. Participants greeted Zetkin’s suggestion and voted March 8 to be the International Women’s Day with slogans like “Eight working hours”, “Equal job opportunities” and “Protect women and children.”


In our country, March 8 marks the anniversary of Hai Ba Trung’s revolt, Vietnam’s first two heroines who are honored for driving the invaders from the country and protecting the territory integrity.
In the spring of 40 (AD), Hai Ba Trung (two Trung sisters) held a rebellion and got strong support of barbarian town commanders and patriots from all over the region, most of them were women. The flame of insurrection spread widely. With a talented leadership, Trung sisters had successfully broken up the colonial authority, forcing general Sū Dìng (蘇定 Tô Định) to shave his hair to avoid being discovered by Vietnamese rebels to escape to China.
After the victorious revolt, the elder sister Trung Trac was crowned as the queen by generals and local people. She selected the new reign title – Trung Nu Vuong and her capital was Me Linh (now Me Linh District, Vinh Phuc Province).
In the year of 42, the Han dynasty sent its soldiers for invasion, forcing the Trung sisters to fight against. However, due to imbalance between two forces as the enemy’s army was so large, the rebellion lasted for only two years. Trung sisters bravely died for the cause of national defense.
The triumph of Trung sisters’ revolt is seen as an immortal epic, showing the will of independence and national pride. It also attests to the strength of Vietnamese women in the history of mankind in the cause of national construction and defense.
Above are the datas and documents about the meaning of the International Women’s Day (March 8). Then what is the role of women in Buddhism? Are there any example in Tibetan Buddhism?
Dear disciples!
Let me turn the clock back to the Buddha’s time to introduce some lay female practitioners! There was Queen Mallika who got compliments and praises from the Buddha for her sense of responsibility and wisdom that went in accordance with the Dharma (see the Adbhutadharma-paryaya sutra).


Queen Sri Mala, the daughter of Queen Mallika, made three extraordinary vows, which the Buddha joyfully accepted:
1/ Lord, by this blessing of truth and by the virtuous root consisting of accumulated merit from bringing benefit to innumerable sentient beings, may I comprehend the Illustrious Doctrine in all my lives.

2/ Lord, having obtained the comprehension of the Illustrious Doctrine, may I teach the Doctrine to the sentient beings without rest or weariness.

3/ Lord, while teaching the Illustrious Doctrine, then, without regard to my body, life force, or possessions, may I seek to protect and to uphold the Illustrious Doctrine (see “The Lion’s Roar of Queen Srimala Sutra” translated b Tue Si).

In the history of Tibetan Buddhism, we all know about the brilliant example of the consort of Padmashambhava, Yeshe Tsogyal, who attained ultimate spiritual achievements and had great contributions to the propagation of Buddha Dharma of Padmashambhava before and after he left Tibet. Spiritual treasures are called Termas, which were recorded and hidden in all over the Tibet.

Yeshe Tsogyal

In the 12th century, the female siddha and great lay master of Tibetan Buddhism, Machig Lapdron, popularized the Chod or cutting practice in Indian Buddhism.
The 20th century witnessed the appearance of an outstanding female master in Therevada school, nun Ayya Khema, who had contributed to the development of this school in the world. Another female master in her time and in the same tradition was Master Dipla Ma from India.
This 21st century sees the vivid example of great female Master Tenzin Palmo who took a 12-year retreat in a cave in the remote area of the giant snowy Indian Himalayas. At present, she continues to propagate Tibet Buddhism, Drukpa lineage. There are also many other examples in other Buddhist countries and obviously, including Vietnam, that you should look to read.

Master Tenzin Palmo

Dear disciples!
Last year, many readers showed anger upon seeing the image of a statue featuring the Buddha with a nude woman on his thigh, citing it is an offense towards pure Buddhism which is considered to follow celibacy strictly.
However, this image is quite familiar towards Tantric practitioners in the spiritual aspect. According to Tantric tradition, the female deity represents Wisdom (prajna) while the male deity symbolizes Compassion (karuna). This is the symbol in Vajrayana which has nothing to do with sexuality. We should rely on the principle of “Four dharma seals” to verify if a matter belongs to Buddhahood or not. They include:
(1) All compounded things are permanent (all things and phenomena are spoilt through time)
(2) All stain emotions are painful
(3) All phenomena are empty
(4) Nirvana is peace (is the state of all Buddhist saints, i.e. no more delusions of the objective reality (unmoving Suchness)).
By using the 4th seal “Nirvana is peace”, we will see the image of the female body cannot cause any harm to the Buddha’s mind, which has already ceased all delusions and had no more recollection and desires. Therefore, the statue represents a certain meaning as explained by Dr. Minh Ngoc and the German researcher.
Nonetheless, I will give you more explanation in Tantric perspective.
What I said above is in the theoretical aspect. In reality, it is entirely true according to the assertion of the holy saint of Vajrayana whose primordial Buddha is Samantabhdra. In a book named “Liberation through Hearing during the Intermediate State”, the Great Buddhist Master Padmasambhava wrote about the intermediate state (bardo) that during eight stages of the bardo, before the rebirth in other realms, the deceased may see the manifestation of five Dhyani Buddhas with their shaktis (i.e. the Dhyani Buddha entwines with Shakti in the union of yab-yum). This is the pure worlds of five Dhyani Buddhas and their assemblies, which are realized by Tantric practitioners (Vajrayana). Even those who have practiced Bodhisattva path and Theravada can hardly be liberated at that time because they cannot realize and purely apprehend this phenomenon. A simple reason is that they are not familiar with the pure, true nature of it. It’s not by chance the Buddhists in Mahayana and Theravada traditions got angry with that statue… .


The Tantrayana teaches how to transform “lust” into “non-lust” by initially practicing with the spiritual consort. However, this secret practice must be given “Secret” initiation by an authentic Guru and is appropriate for lay practitioners only.


In the Nyingma tradition of Tibetan Buddhism, a majority of practitioners are lay people who are luckily taught this secret practice. In the 8th century, Great Master Padmasambhava transmitted this kind of practice to his 25 first disciples, including Tsogyal Yeshe. Before his time, there was Great Siddha Saraha who also carried out this practice with his 16-year-old shakti. In the 11st century, Great Master Naropa practiced with his shakti named Niguma. His close disciple, Great Master Marpa, who married to a girl and had a son, also practice this secret method. Traditionally, Tatric practitioners show respect to the Guru’s wife, who is seen as a spiritual supporter of the Guru, thus being called “consort” or “shakti”.

Great Siddha Saraha

The Sakya school of Tibetan Buddhism also practices this secret method which is called “Taking the result as the path”. In this tradition, monks are permitted to life a married life such as in Shin-su (True School of Pure Land) and Nichiren in Japan.
For the Tibetan, it is not a matter of importance if a lama lives a celibate or non-celibate life, provided he has wisdom and teaches specific practices for the disciples. In the 20th century, the great Yogic practitioner, the respectful lay Master of the HH. 14th Dalai Lama, Dilgo Khyentse, from the Nyingmapa is known to have a wife and two children.
Coming back to the image of the Buddha and a naked female, this is a pure truth in the secret practice of Tantrayana. It is also a symbol of the Tantric practice in India before the 8th century and in Tibet after the 8th century as I explained above.

Dilgo Khyentse

The Tantric practice implies a great principle of transforming five negative emotions (greed, hatred, delusion, arrogance, doubt and jealousy) into five Tathagata wisdoms (the wisdom of specific knowledge, the wisdom of accomplishing what was to be done, the mirror-like wisdom, the wisdom of Dharmadhatu, and the wisdom the wisdom of equality). Hence, the practitioner need not deny these negative emotions but transform them into other positive energies in alignment with the right orbit of Dharma.
Heretic religions and the Buddhist Theravada school consider five worldly pleasures bad causes for the emergence of five negative emotions (greed, hatred, delusion, arrogance, doubt and jealousy) in our daily life, thus they should be seen as impure and toxic, and should be stayed away from! But, as presented above, there exists another way of access, in which we employ these negative energies to transform into spiritual energy, as a way to open up our mind. It is likened to a talented pharmacist who is able to produce a good, effective drug from the plant’s poison.
Dear disciples!
On the occasion of the International Women’s Day this year, I want to strongly remind you that the Buddha always asserted that “Everyone has the Buddha-nature”, thus anyone, irrespective of male or female, can attain Buddhahood if they practice diligently and righteously. Luckily, the Buddha predicted that in the Dharma degeneration time, female practitioners account for higher number and practice more diligent than male practitioners. Nonetheless, the Buddha has never said that women has to practice diligently this life in order to take rebirth as a man, who is considered to have higher opportunity for liberation. It is this wrong view that Buddhism respect men over women.
In the past, the Buddha did not accept to give ordination to his mother despite how sincerely she begged, not because he looked down on women but is prudent with their disadvantages. Once a person is determined to seek the path, upholding the will/vow and diligently practicing, then that person is called “great man”, even that person is female. On the contrary, that person is called “female” even he is with male body. In the Mahaparinirvana Sutra, the Buddha asserts that anyone who “sees the true nature” is called male, while the one who has yet to “see the true nature” is called female. Here, the distinction between male and female is not based on physical body structure.
From those points on, female members of Song Nguyen Tantra House should grasp a thorough perception about “spiritual gender” for a better cultivation. Merely female or great male is determined by your spiritual power. By the way, I joyfully recognize the great contribution of female members over the past years. Today’s brilliant development of Song Nguyen Tantra House cannot lack your contributions and efforts for the sake of Buddha Dharma!
Phuoc Thanh Village, March 8, 2014
THINLEY-NGUYEN THANH


Vietnamese version: Thư gửi các trò 83: THÂN NỮ VÀ TÍNH NỮ THEO QUAN KIẾN ĐẠO PHẬT

 

  1. Mật Chánh Tấn says:

    Dear holy Guru,
    I am grateful for your explanation in this article because it helps me to understand more about the equality in Buddhism as Buddha asserted that “Everyone has Buddha-nature”, so that irrespective of male or female, anyone can attain Buddhahood if they practice diligently and righteously. Furthermore, through this article, I have seen so many great examples of females in Buddhism, such as queen Mallika, queen Sri Mala, the consort of Padmashambhava, Yeshe Tsogyal or great lay master of Tibetan Buddhism, Machig Lapdron. Thanks to your explanation, I understand that practicing Dharma also focuses on transforming five negative emotions into five Tathagata wisdoms, not to run away or hide from it. Merely female or great male is determined by spiritual power, by how diligent I practice and apply the right view into real life, not based on the gender.
    Thank you holy Guru for your teaching in this article. May Guru and your consort have good health and live long for the sake of all sentient beings.
    May the epidemic of Covid-19 come to end soon.
    May all sentient beings attain the happiness of Buddha’s nature.
    Om Mani Padme Hum.

  2. Mật Huệ Pháp
    Mật Huệ Pháp says:

    Dear Guru,

    Thank you very much for enriching our knowledge with the history of the International Women’s Day and great contributions of female masters in Vajrayana. It’s so wonderful to see the bright smiles of Ms. Mat Dieu and female dharma brothers upon taking the flowers from Guru, which raises an admiration in me about the amazing spiritual combination between Guru and your consort. These are lively examples on gender equality in Buddhism where women get equal respect as men, proving the Buddha’s teaching “Everyone [irrespective men or women] has the Buddha-nature”.

    Regarding the statue of the Buddha entwining with a nude woman, through your explanation, we no longer attach to our subjective thoughts towards the phenomena but should perceive the true nature of the image, of which the female deity represents wisdom and the male deity symbolizes compassion. Just like two facets of a coin, compassion and wisdom always go together, combining into a unity in the enlightened mind. This is a special representation of the true nature as well as a “secret” practice in Vajrayana I am delighted to know.

    Your teachings and excellent examples of famous female Tantric masters have strongly encouraged us, removing the inferior complex from us, so that we can confidently move forward in the path of cultivation. A new lesson I’ve got from your sermon is that the determining factor on whether a person is “male” or “female” is the spiritual level/power, not physical body structure. And thanks to a unique and typical method in Vajrayana, we need not afraid of negative emotions because we can learn to transform them into spiritual energy, taking it as the basis to enhance our wisdom. It’s a real luck for us that we just need follow the steps of holy saints and their consorts, especially the example of Guru and your consort, to go straight to the City of Liberation. My gratitude to you for giving us a precious Dharma lesson. May there are more and more qualified spiritual couples in Song Nguyen Tantra House.

    May Guru and your consort live long for the benefit and happiness of the sentient beings
    May all sentient beings achieve the happiness of Buddha-nature
    May Covid-19 pandemic end soon
    Om Ah Hum

  3. Thank you so very much for another great article

  4. Mật Thiền Đức (Nguyễn Vân Linh) says:

    Dear Guru,
    I have finished reading this article.
    Thank you for your teaching.
    May Guru and his consort live long for the sake of all sentient beings.
    May the Covid 19 pandemic soon ends.
    Om Mani Padme Hum.

  5. Hà Thị Nguyệt says:

    Dear Holy Guru
    I’m grateful for your explanation in this article because its helps me to understand more about the equality in buddhism as buddha asserted that everyone has buddha- nature, so that irrespective of male or female, anyone can attain buddhahood if they practice diligently and righteously
    Thanks you holy Guru for your teaching in this article
    May Guru and your consort have good healthy and live long for the sake of all sentient beings
    May all sentient beings achive the happiness of Buddha-nature
    May Covid-19 pandemic end soon
    Om mani padme hum

  6. Mật Tường Vi says:

    Dear Guru,
    I have read this article. Through your words, I have a better understanding of the history formed on March 8, International Women’s Day. In Vietnam, the image of Hai Ba Trung always reminds us of the courage and national spirit of Vietnamese women.
    In addition, I understood the concept of “female body and feminity” in Buddhist perspective. “Everyone has the Buddha-nature”, thus anyone, irrespective of male or female, can attain Buddhahood if they practice diligently and righteously. Thank you so much, Guru.
    May Guru and your consort have good health and live long for the the sake of all beings.
    May all sentient beings attain the happiness of Buddha nature.
    May Covid-19 pandemic soon be swept away.
    Om Mani Padme Hum.

  7. Mật Thúy says:

    Kính Bạch Thầy .
    Con đã đọc xong bài này rồi ạ.
    Con rất hoan hỉ với công hạnh luận giải của vị Thầy, qua bài này con hiểu được rằng trông đạo pháp đức Phật ngày không phân biệt nam hây nữ chỉ cần người đó luôn tín tấn thực hành pháp thì tương lai sẽ sẽ có kết quả tốt vị ngày đã dạy ai cũng có Phật tánh con cảm tạ ơn Thầy . Con cầu nguyện sức khỏe và sự trường thọ của Thầy cô vì lợi lạc của chúng sanh con cầu nguyện cho vi khuẩn corona xóm ngày được tiêu trừ Om Ah Hùm.

  8. Mật Nhị Khang says:

    Dear Holy Guru!
    I am excited to read this article. The Buddha always asserted that “Everyone has the Buddha-nature”. The girl or the man is the human being. Once a person is determined to seek the path, upholding the will, vow and diligently practicing, then that person is called “great man”, even that person is female. This is effort for the sake of Buddha Dharma.
    Thanks so much about your attractive article publishing. May Guru and your consort long live for sake human being.
    May disease covid 19 come to the end soon.
    On Mani Padme Hum!

  9. Mật Tấn Sơn (Đỗ Trường Giang) says:

    Dear Guru,
    I read this article.
    Thank you so much.
    May Guru have good health and live long for the sake of all sentient beings.
    May all sentient beings attain the happiness of Buddha’s nature.
    May Covid-19 pandemic soon be over.
    Om mani padme hum

  10. Dan Jacobsson says:

    Dear Guru,

    Thankyou for this clarifying and inspiring article.

    It does also remind me of the story about the Goddess Tara in Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana).

    Om Mani Padme Hum

    Dan Jacossbon

  11. Mật Phước says:

    Dear Guru,
    I have read the letter to disciple no.83 .
    Thank you, Guru, for you has granted the article into nature of “Dharma is Life, Life is Dharma”. From here, I realize that, the wrong view about Buddhism respect men over women, because, Buddha alway asserted that,”Everyone has the Buddha-nature”, thus anyone,irrespective of male or female, can attain Buddhahood, if they practice diligenly and righteousty. Final around, I understand that, any who “sees the true nature” is called male, while the one who has yet “see the true nature” is called female.
    May Guru and your consort have good health and longevity for the sake of all senteint beings.
    May the Covid 19 pandemic be soon over.
    May all senteint beings attain the happiness of Buddha’s nature.
    Om Mani Padme Hum.

  12. Tantra Mashita says:

    Dear compassionate guru,

    Thank you so much for sharing this letter with us, that’s so kind of you, I really liked it, and I really appreciate how the Buddhism is able to adapt with all the different conditions worldwide, it’s a so flexible Philosophie, also I really like how you always prove for us that the dharma is life, life’s dharma, finally I’d like to take advantage of this opportunity and say congratulations for my friend Mat dieu for the flowers that she obtained from you ! What a blessing ! Thank you so much again dear holy, respected, honorable and compassionate guru

    I bow my head down for you
    I express my gratitude to you
    I devote myself to you

    May you have a good health and live long for the benefit of all sentient beings
    May all the sentient beings attain the happiness of Buddha’s nature
    May the pandemic caused by corona virus soon end

    Om Mani Padme hum

  13. Mật Ba says:

    Dear Guru!
    I have read the article this “FEMALE BODY AND FEMINITY IN BUDDHIST PERSPECTIVE”.
    I am happy to read this article.
    Thank you so much, Guru, for your valuable lesson .
    Through reading this article I understand that, in Buddhisht perspective: female, male are not based on physical body structure but based on the strong spirit. If those people have determined to seek the path, upholding the will/ vow and diligently practicing, then that preson is call “great man”, even that preson is female. On the contrary, that preson is called “female” even he is with male body.
    May Guru and his Consort have good heath, live long for the sake of all sentient beings.
    May all sentient beings attain the happiness of Buddha’s nature.
    May the Covid 19 pandemic will be soon over.
    Om mani padme hum!

  14. Mật Xuyến says:

    Dear Guru,
    I have read this article.
    Through the article I know about the history of the international Women’s Day and Spiritual gender. The distinction between male and female is not based on physical body structure. Anyone who sees the true nature is called male. Anyone who determined to seek the path, upholding the will/vow and diligently practicing, then that person is called great man, even that person is female.
    May Guru and your consort have good health and live long for the sake of all sentient beings.
    May the Covid-19 pandemic soon come to an end. Om mani padme hum!

  15. Mật Diễm says:

    Dear Guru
    I have read this article already.
    I am thankful Guru for compassionately teaching that gave us valuable dharma
    lessons.
    Through the article helps me understand that “Everyone has the Buddha-nature”, thus anyone, irrespective of male or female, can attain Buddhahood if they practice diligently and righteously”.
    I pray for the health and longevity of Guru and your consort for the sake of all sentient beings.
    May all sentient beings achieve the enlightened state.
    I pray for the wisdom torch to light all places through the Guru transport channel,
    Pray for the coronary disease to be eradicated early.
    OM AH HUM.

  16. Phan thị Bạch Tuyết says:

    Kính bạch Thầy!
    Con Mật Phong Tuyết đã đọc bài viết này.Bài viết đã giúp con hiểu thêm về lịch sử ngày 8.3 trên thế giới cũng như ở Việt Nam,sự bình đẳng trong phật giáo ,không phân biệt nam hay nữ ,mọi người đều có thể đạt đươc phật quả nếu biết tinh tấn thực hành pháp.
    Con cảm tạ ơn Thầy đã từ bi ban cho chúng con bài pháp thật ý nghĩa và lợi lạc.Con cầu nguyện cho sức khỏe và sự trường thọ của Thầy Cô.
    Cầu nguyện cho tất cả chúng sanh thành tựu hạnh phúc của phật tánh.
    Cầu nguyện cho đại dịch covid 19 được tiêu trừ.
    Om mani padme hum.

  17. Mật Bích Thủy. says:

    Dear Guru.
    I have read this entire article.
    Thank you, Master, for giving us a meaningful and beneficial article.
    I sincerely pray for the health and longevity of the Guru and his spouse to be long-lived for the benefit of all of them.
    Pray for all beings to achieve, happiness of Buddha Nature.
    Pray for the early 19 pandemic to be eradicated.
    Om Mani padme Hum!

  18. Mật Ánh Dương says:

    Dear Guru,
    I have read this article.
    I felt really interested in learning such an informative and useful Dharma lesson. Thanks to your thorough clarification, I was provided with more insights on the cultivation ability and important role of female in Buddhism, especially under Tantric perspective. By which, I understand that Whether we are male or female in this life, it doesn’t matter at all. The important thing is that we need to be determined and diligent on the path of liberation, which is the true nature of a “great man”.
    Dear Guru,
    Through a plenty of briliant examples of great Master in this article, I don’t feel inferior complex about the female body anymore, on the contrary, I feel more inspired and motivated by the great spiritual accomplishments of Yeshe Tsogyal, Machig Labdron, Tenzin Palmo … Hence, I am so grateful for your precious teachings. Your compassion and wisdom made me have a deep sense of the divine pride and equality of Buddhism.
    May Guru have good health and live long for the benefit of all sentient beings.
    May all beings attain the true happiness of Buddhahood.
    May the pandemic of covid19 soon be over.
    Om Mani Pad Me Hum

  19. Mật Giác Đăng says:

    Dear Guru,

    I am grateful to Guru for this helpful and meaningful article.

    It helps us understand more about female power and the equality from life to dharma, and in turn, from dharma imbued to life, firming us big motivation and a devine pride to be persons who get equal chances on the path to enlightenment, as Buddha’s assertion “Everyone has Buddha-nature”. I keep in mind your teachings of the distinction of male or female is not based on physical body structure, merely female or great male is determined by our spiritual power. I pray for myself and others vajra brothers will keep the firm faith and practice dharma diligently and righteously, under the guidance of Guru.

    I pray for the health and longevity of Guru for the sake of all sentient beings.

    May sentient beings achieve the happiness of Buddha’s nature.

    May the covid-19 pandemic will end soon.

    Om Mani Padme Hum.

  20. Mật Tuyết Hoa says:

    Dear Guru,
    I am delighted to read this article.
    Thank you so much for your sharing a meaningful article. Through it, I will keep in mind the importance that “Thus anyone, irrespective of male or female, can attain Buddhahood if they practice diligently and righteously”. Because of the Buddha’s teaching “Everyone has the Buddha-nature”. Hence, we need not afraid of negative emotion when we are female body and feminity in Buddhist perspective. We can transform them into spiritual energy based on learning and practicing Buddha Dharma. I am grateful Guru who teach us the right way, show us the right method and how to use it on the life through Pure Mind Yoga to applying in the life on the path of Enlightenment.
    May Guru live long and have a good health for the sake of all sentient beings.
    May all sentient beings attain the happiness of Buddha nature.
    May the Covid 19 will end soon.
    Om Mani Padme Hum.

  21. Tantra Sutradaka says:

    Revered Gurujee
    Om Mani Padme Hum
    I bow my head on your lotus feet
    These I am vegetating at my wife’s place, Daltongunj, due to severe Lockdown clamped in both the states, Bihar and Jharkhand, and our institutions are closed. My 6 months old granddaughter is a great solace to us as she keeps us engaged in meeting her demands and spreads pleasure through her sweet shining smile. We are four persons here, my wife, my daughter, my granddaughter and I. We are forced to living in solitude due to COVID 19 and its social distancing. In this situation of dismay caused by this pandemic, the sharing of Guru’s article brought a great pleasure for me for the simple reason that it suits to my present situation as my surrounding is of the female, I have to work for the female and the entire house management is run by the female (Of the female for the female and by the female.). The beauty of the context is, that the title of this article is” FEMALE BODY AND FEMINITY IN BUDDHIST PERSPECTIVE”, and it is sent by Violet Tran who is again a female. In this female dominated atmosphere I am put to ponder over the problem of its origin and development in East and west, though much of light have been thrown by our holy Guru to whom I look for my rescue in any difficult situation. It is again a fact that we celebrate the Women’s Day to honor the role of women which was claimed by persistent struggles of their predecessors as this day originated from a socio-political struggle which then became the global movement for gender equality.
    Though the history of feminism goes back to the oblivion of the antiquity of the Indian religio-philosophical tradition wherein it is said where women are respected gods reside and the equal rights that was conferred by the Buddha in 500 B. C. E.. However in the West it found its first genuine expression in Mary Wollstonecraft’s work “Vindication of the Right of the Women” which influenced the British and European ideas and social movements. In 1869 it took a very strong shape which led to emergence of feminism in the West as a strong dominant force. With the new ideas from the enlightenment, individual feminism became able to travel faster than ever before. It generated more opportunities for the exchange of ideas and advancement of women’s right. From 19th to 20 eth century some powerful feminist thinkers, like Catherine Beecher Lucrita Mott and many others gave specific emphasis on gendered morality through their powerful feminist writings. The continuous and perpetual thinking on this line by different women activists for a long span of time gave birth to
    a feminist movement that aims at ending the sexist oppression, elimination of all factors of the traditional morality that contribute to the continued and the systematic domination of women. In the west the feminist movement grew step by step systematically. This is also called Three Waves of Feminism. The first fought for right to vote, the second struggled for ending the legal sex discrimination, and equal work opportunity for women to work. And the third wave’s central issue was social class, sexuality and race for promoting feminist virtue and value.
    But no movement can become successful without the cry of the people. It comes from the down to earth masses who have felt it, realised the necessity of the the struggle to redresses their lost rights. Our holy Guru has provided the concrete history. He says, “The establishment of the International Women’s Day (March 8) can be traced back to the movement of women textile and garment workers at the end of XIX century. On March 8, 1857, thousands of women who were textile and garment workers went on strike and marched through the New York City to protest against harsh working conditions” He further adds, “on March 8, 1910, at the 2nd InternationalConference of Working Women with the participation of 100 women from 17 countries claiming for voting rights, a German woman named Clara Zetkin, chairwoman of the conference, tabled the idea of an International Women’s Day in honoring the women in the world who fought for gender parity”. This is how 8 March was declared to be the International Women’s Day.
    But in this strenuous pursuit of women’s right and liberty Vietnam was not lagging behind. The two gallant girls Trung Trac and Hai Ba Trung (two Trung sisters) on 8 March in the spring of 40 (AD), held a rebellion and got strong support of barbarian town commanders and patriots from all over the region, most of them were women. The flame of insurrection spread widely. With a talented leadership, Trung sisters had successfully broken up the colonial authority, forcing General Sū Dìng (蘇定 Tô Định) to shave his hair to avoid being discovered by Vietnamese rebels to escape to China. In Han Dynasty several attempts were made to quell the revolts and kill the Trung Sister but were defeated and foiled. Thereafter in order to celebrate the gallant and heroic leadership of Trung Sister 8 March is celebrated as International Women’s day.
    But when we cast our glance on the Buddha and Buddhism it is found that feminine thought finds its genuine expression and triumph here. The Buddha always favoured the female child. at the news that Queen Mallika has given birth to a girl child the King Pasenadi of kosal becomes sad as he was expecting a son. At that time the Buddha said, “O Lord of men, female may prove to be a better offspring than a male.” These Buddha’s words, on the one hand sublimated male vision towards women, on the other hand , it prevented the king from developing aversion for his queen. His words were instrumental in softening man’s attitude for women, from aggressive to mild, dominant to supportive.
    Secondly, Buddha neither considered women a religious necessity for rituals and sacraments nor closed the doors of the Samgha under the pressure of ascetic misogyny. On the contrary He established the Bhikkhuni Sangha which paved the path institutional androcentric views as well as soteriological inclusiveness or androgyny in Buddhism. With this end and view he prepared the common mass to change their vision of conceptual framework of domination towards the women.
    Thirdly, in the Buddhist weltanschauung there is no male and female in the strict sense of the term. As per the the Buddhist metempsychosis gender may change in successive births owing to their merits of the karmic stream. This is how Buddha raised his voice against women’s dependence on men and marked a revolution in the then social milieu by making women realise their own value and importance in the society. It resulted in attracting a large number distinguished women from various background join the Bhikkhuni Sangha and many of them have attended the supreme bliss of enlightenment, the Nibbana.
    Finally it can be said that the movement of women liberation laid by the Buddha in a stagnant society opened a new vista for a weaker sex. It raised their status to such an elevated position that had never existed earlier. Receiving inspiration several women rose to a great height by virtue of their spiritual and religious activities as well as their educational acumen.
    Om Mani Padme Hum.
    May all sentient being be happy and free of Corona virus.
    Long live our Guru
    Tantrasutradaka (Avinash Kumar Srivastava)

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