Jan 14, 2019

Posted by in BUDDHISM IN OTHER LANGUAGES | 42 Comments

Thanh Tri – the 2nd Mind Dharma: SAMYAGDRSTI – PRABHA SAMADHI – Part 2: WHAT IS RIGHT VIEW? (Thế nào gọi là chánh kiến)

Thanh Tri – the 2nd Mind Dharma: SAMYAGDRSTI – PRABHA SAMADHI – Part 2: WHAT IS RIGHT VIEW?

What is right view? The question raised by Kaccāyanagotta had received a thorough reasoning from the Buddha, accordingly right view (Sammaditthi) is a position that denies attachments or clinging derived from wrong perception which cites that all phenomena are existent or non-existent. Specifically, he said: “…One sees the origination of the world as it actually is with right discernment, ‘non-existence’ with reference to the world does not occur to one. When one sees the cessation of the world as it actually is with right discernment, ‘existence’ with reference to the world does not occur to one.

Kaccayana! Thinking “everything exists” is one extreme while thinking “everything doesn’t exist” is another extreme. The Tathagata avoids these two extremes and teaches the Dharma in the middle way, which means “When there is this, that is. With the arising of this, that arises.” Ignorance is the condition for the formation of mentality. Mental formation is the condition for consciousness. Consciousness is a requisite condition for name & form. Name & form are the conditions for the six senses. The six senses are conditions for contact. Contact is the condition for feeling. Feeling is the condition for craving. Craving is the condition for clinging. Clinging is the condition for becoming. Becoming is the condition for birth. From birth then come aging and death. And such is the origination of this entire mass of pain and suffering..” (from Samyutta Nikaya)

The Buddha’s clarification on right view lies just within several sentences but these teachings is the essence extracted from three great asamhkyeya kalpas of meditation and six continuous years under the Bodhi tree in present time when his manifestation is Prince Gautama, the son of King Suddhodana at Kapilavastu (ancient India). In the Buddha’s time, masters of 96 heretical sects believed in a so-called “Bharman” (ParamAtman), immortal celestial realms and beings deserved to be worshipped (God, Atula, Demon, Object). They claimed that men and women were created by God and this boundless world was formed and controlled by God’s hands or it was a dream of a Bharman, thus they worshipped those gods and tried all the way to please that “supreme beings”. On the contrary, some masters held that everything was existent if they could see with their own eyes and vice versa, it would be non-existent if they could not. Therefore, they denied the value of goodness and acted by instinct without concerning themselves with consequences. Others, by using their divine eyes or divine mind, seeing their ancestors once were animals like cow, dog or fish.., thus they refused to use meat. In short, such ideologyor empirical arguments have fallen in either of two extremes; self-grasping and dharma-clinging. These lead to the endless cycle of birth, old age, disease and death. The Buddha does not totally deny the outlook on life and cosmology of heretical sects but he wishes to help them reduce or rid themselves of ignorance and understand the causal nature, then give them means to escape from suffering. Since his attainment of enlightenment under the Bodhi tree, the Buddha had understood clearly what the sentient beings are suffering, what cause them suffer, then he taught them methods to cease suffering and finally showed them the truth of the end of suffering. His spiritual practices are categorized into 37 factors (aspects) of enlightenment, among which the most important one is the “Eightfold path”, including right view, right thought, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right diligence, right concentration and right mindfulness. Right view standing first indicates its importance, given the rest practices cannot exist or develop without it, just like the damage of the house’s foundation will lead to the collapse of its wall, roof and piles. For this reason, Buddhist practitioners should hold firm grasp of right view from the very beginning of their cultivation for it will give the light to the path that is full of risks and impediments caused by the beings and non-beings.

Wrong view is the opposite of Right view

Wrong view (miccadithi) is the opposite of right view (sammadithi). Wrong view will also mean wrong path which is opposite to the right path shown by the Buddha. The word “wrong” (micca) doesn’t really have negative meaning but refers to “not being ultimate”, “not being liberated”. Masters of the Xiantiandao and Shintoism also advise people to do good deeds and avoid bad deeds but they finally remain in the cycle of birth and death. Instead of acclaiming supreme characteristics of bharman, devas, atula, the Buddha praises the precious chance of gaining human body because only human being has primal wisdom to practicing Dharma for cutting off ignorance and being liberated from the three worlds (Triloka, including the world of sensuous desire (Kamadhatu), the world of form (Rupadhatu) and the world of formless (Arupadhatu). This has been asserted in many of his sermons during his 49 years of Dharma propagation.

Wrong view is the opposite of Right view

I remember a Zen story telling about a young monk who was sitting on the edge of the forest contemplating on earth. His diligence got admired by the Sakra (Lord of devas) who then appeared to bow and ask him: “You are young but have strong will. Tell me what you need. I will help you because I have magical power! I am delighted to offer you chamber, monastery, finest and delicate food and drink if you need.” The young monk shook his head: “I need one thing you cannot offer with your magical power!”. The Lord was surprised and asked him to tell what it was. The monk smiled, then slowly answered: “What I need most is Prajna. Could you do it?” Hearing this, the Lord who ruled 33 gods quickly flied back to his realm without asking more about it. It should be known that the wisdom (prajna) is likened to a house built by the bricks of “right view”. Therefore, right view is the foundation of wisdom in Buddhism. It is crazy if one wishes to attain wisdom without right view or with impure right view (i.e mixed with heretical viewpoint). Quite a few people who are practicing Buddhist Dharma while keep bowing or offering to devas or Naga which are the traditions of Tiandao or Hinduism. On the other hand, some bhikkhus act like atheist or negativist on denying the metaphysical world. Some Buddhists meanwhile adore metaphysical power by worshipping the God of Wealth and God of Earth for luck while others offer incense, fruits and candy or burn votive papers to demons every mid-month for fear of being harrassed by them. Some even believe that Buddhist monks are able to do exorcism to avoid bad fortune?! The Buddhists with right view shall never believe and act like that. Hence, what to believe, how and what to do to improve the right view of Thanh tri (Pure mind) practitioners will be presented in the 3rd part: “Right View in Different Aspects”.

A rainy afternoon on the peak of Phu Van Mountain, January 10, 2018

Thinley- Nguyen Thanh

Translated by Mat Hue Phap


Vietnamese version: THẾ NÀO GỌI LÀ CHÁNH KIẾN?


THANH TRI – THE 2ND MIND DHARMA: SAMYAGDRSTI – PRABHA SAMADHI

PART 1: INTRODUCTION

PART 2: WHAT IS RIGHT VIEW?

PART 3: RIGHT VIEW IN DIFFERENT ASPECTS” 

PART 4: GAIN FROM RIGHT VIEW, LOSE OF WRONG VIEW

PART 5: HOW TO BE EQUIPPED WITH THE FULL RIGHT VIEW

PART 7:  HOW TO TURN THE BRILLIANT LIGHT (PRABHA) INTO SAMADHI? 

PART 8:  THINGS TO NOTICE AS YOU PRACTICE SAMYAGDRSTI – PRABHA SAMADH

PART 9:  HOW DOES THE 2NDMIND DHARMA WORK?

PART 10:  WORDS FROM A MAN WHO WISHES TO BE THE 3RD HARDLY MET PERSON

 

  1. Tantra Mishataru says:

    Thank you for this article Holy Guru. Om Mani Padme Hum

  2. Mật thúy says:
    Mô Phật!

    Mật thúy rất hoan hỉ với thiện hạnh dịch bài viết của vị Thầy sang tiếng Anh của huynh Mật Huệ Pháp cầu nguyện cho huynh luôn tin tấn thực hành pháp để được tha lực hộ trì cầu mông tất cả chúng sanh luôn có duyên lành biết đến chánh pháp OM ah hum

  3. Nguyễn Thị Minh Hà says:

    Dear Holy Guru,

    I’m Mat Hong Quang. I have read your article ‘Thanh Tri – the 2nd Mind Dharma: SAMGAGDRSTI – PRABHA SAMADHI -PART 2: WHAT IS RIGHT VIEW’.

    I would like to express my sincere thanks to Guru for teaching us about right view and help us to distinguish right view from wrong view.

    May Guru and your consort live long for the sake of sentient beings.

    Thank Mat Hue Phap for translating the article into English. 

    May all sentient beings be free from sufferings and get enlightened. 

    Om Mani Padme Hum. 

  4. Tantra Sagovana says:
    Dear Guru,

    Thank you for sharing this article explaining the difference between Right View and wrong view and what the Buddha has said about this topic.

    May all sentient beings be free from suffering and become enlightened.

    Om Mani Padme Hum.

    Tantra Sagovana (Ahmed Khan)

  5. Aman Prakash says:
    Dear guru

    Very much thankful for this article. I bow my head on your lotus feet.

    I am here able to understand the negative consequences of ignorance and stupidity.we all should have to wear the spectacle of right view under guru. Budha was showed us right view by going through the mid way,showed us the superiority of human life than god,asura,barman.

    I am very much fortunate to have guru like you.may guru lives long upholding the teachings of dhamma.

    May all sensient being attain true nature.

    Om Mani padme hum

  6. Totte Nordahl says:

    Dear Guru

    Thank you so muck for this article. Since I am a beginner and I have been thinking of “where to start”

    This article showed me what the foundation is.

    Om Mani Padme Hum

  7. Tantra Mashinaga says:
    Dear Guru,

    Thank you for this article and your wisdom.

    I don’t know what else to say besides I am trying hard to take things one step at a time. And becoming the better version of yourself is harder than I thought.  I now know the eight fold path cannot be walked alone.

    May the Guru live a long and happy life

    May all sentient beings be free of suffering and attain happiness

    Om Mani Padme Hum

  8. Tantra Mashinaga says:
    Tantra Mashinaga (Mark Hamilton)
  9. Lynwood Furthington says:
    Dear Holy Guru, Thank you for this article.
  10. Mật Diệu Hằng says:

    Kính bạch Thầy!

    Con xin phép được dịch comment của bạn đọc Lynwood Furthington sang tiếng Việt như sau:

    Kính bạch Thầy tâm linh tôn quý!

    Con cảm tạ ơn Thầy đã viết bài này.

  11. Mật Diệu Hằng says:

    Kính bạch Thầy!

    Con xin phép được dịch comment của đạo hữu Tantra Mashinaga (Mark Hamilton) sang tiếng Việt như sau:

    Kính bạch Thầy!

    Con cảm tạ ơn Thầy vì đã viết bài và ban những lời dạy trí tuệ.

    Con không biết nói gì hơn ngoài việc con sẽ cố gắng tinh tấn để tiến bộ từng bước trên con đường tỉnh thức. Và con nhận ra rằng thực hành để bản thân mình hôm nay tốt hơn hôm qua khó hơn con nghĩ. Và hôm nay con mới hiểu bát chánh đạo không thực hành tách rời mà luôn song hành.

    Con cầu nguyện Thầy thân tâm an tịnh,  trụ thế lâu dài.

    Cầu nguyện tất cả chúng sanh đoạn trừ khổ đau và đạt được hạnh phúc tối thượng.

    Om Mani Padme Hum.

    Con – Tantra Mashinaga (Mark Hamilton)

  12. Mật Diệu Hằng says:

    Kính bạch Thầy!

    Con xin phép được dịch comment của đạo hữu Tantra Mitraga (Totte Nordahl) sang tiếng Việt như sau:

    Kính bạch Thầy!

    Con chân thành cảm tạ ơn Thầy vì đã viết bài viết này.

    Vì con là người mới bắt đầu bước đi trên hành trình giác ngộ nên con luôn băn khoăn “con nên bắt đầu từ đâu”

    Bài viết của Thầy đã chỉ cho con biết nền tảng của thực hành Pháp là gì.

    Om Mani Padme Hum.

  13. Mật Diệu Hằng says:

    Kính bạch Thầy!

    Con xin phép được dịch comment của đạo hữu Tantra Mishataru sang tiếng Việt như sau:

    Kính bạch Thầy tâm linh tôn quý!

    Con cảm tạ ơn Thầy đã viết bài này.

    Om Mani Padme Hum.

  14. Mật Diệu Hằng says:

    Kính bạch Thầy!

    Con xin phép được dịch comment của đạo hữu Tantra Sagovana (Ahmed Khan) sang tiếng Việt như sau:

    Kính bạch Thầy!

    Con cảm tạ ơn Thầy đã viết bài này, luận giảng cho con hiểu sự khác nhau giữa chánh kiến và tà kiến,  và những lời Phật dạy về chánh kiến.

    Cầu nguyện tất cả chúng sanh đoạn trừ khổ đau và đạt được giác ngộ.

    Om Mani Padme Hum.

    Con – Tantra Sagovana (Ahmed Khan)

  15. Ignacio Sanchez Gentile says:
    Dear holy guru.

    Im Tantra Aceptina. Im very grateful with you.

    This is a great article.

    Thank you.

  16. Ignacio Sanchez Gentile says:
    Yes ! Thank you!
  17. Mật Diệu Hằng says:
    Kính bạch Thầy!

    Con xin phép được dịch comment của đạo hữu Tantra Aceptina (Ignacio Sanchez Gentile) sang tiếng Việt như sau:

    Kính bạch Thầy tôn quý!

    Con là Tantra Aceptina. Con thật ơn phước khi được Thầy ban pháp danh.

    Con cảm tạ ơn Thầy đã viết bài viết tuyệt vời này.

     

  18. Rachel Thomson says:
    Dear Guru, I enjoyed this reading, thank you for sharing, Rachel Thomson
  19. paul yawney says:
    I found this to be very informative and gives me cause to review my thoughts . I am am making sure I stay with the path. I have found the Buddhist path the best way to live my life. It is 180 degrees different from my past. thank you for your wisdom and clarfication. Namaste.

     

  20. Mật Diệu Hằng says:

    Kính bạch Thầy!

    Con xin phép được dịch comment của bạn đọc Rachel Thomson sang tiếng Việt như sau:

    Kính bạch Thầy!

    Con hoan hỷ được đọc bài viết này. Con cảm tạ ơn Thầy đã viết bài.

    Con – Rachel Thomson.

  21. Mật Diệu Hằng says:

    Kính bạch Thầy!

    Con xin phép được dịch comment của bạn đọc Paul Yawney sang tiếng Việt như sau:

    Bài viết của Thầy thật lợi lạc, với nhiều lời dạy bổ ích và cho con cơ hội để quán xét suy nghĩ của bản thân. Con thấy rằng mình đang đi trên con đường tỉnh thức. Con nhận ra rằng đạo Phật là con đường tốt nhất trong cuộc đời con.

    Từ tận đáy lòng,  con cảm tạ ơn Thầy đã ban lời dạy trí tuệ và làm sáng tỏ vấn đề thế nào là chánh kiến.

    Con đảnh lễ Thầy!

  22. Tantra Sagovana says:
    Dear Guru,

    My name is Tantra Sagovana.

    Thank you for sharing this article.

    In this article you explain about Right View and that having Right View is a prerequisite for developing wisdom.

    May Mat Tinh Phap overcome difficulties at present and get successful in the future.

    May all sentient beings be healthy and well and be free from suffering.

    May Guru be healthy and live long for the benefit of all beings.

    Om Mani Padme Hum.

    Tantra Sagovana (Ahmed Khan)

  23. Samuel Amobi says:
    Thanks so much for this article Guru, am beginning to be open to knowledge and positivity
  24. Sonam Tshering says:
    Dear guru,

    I am deeply filled with an immense sense of gratitude for this article. Such a article containing vast knowledge and wisdom would be rare for all. I feel fortunate that I am one of the luckiests to avail the blessing of Holy Guru in the form of words.

    Through the great power of blessing of guru, may the right view (foundation of other noble paths) be arisen in all beings and attain Buddhahood in a single lifetime 🙏🙏🙏

    May the merit of reading this article and wisdom gained from it be remained until all beings are liberated from the samsara.

    Om Mani Padme Hung 🙏🙏🙏

  25. Tantra Sagovana says:
    Dear Guru,

    My name is Tantra Sagovana.

    Thank you for sharing this article.

    Thank you for exposing about Right View.

    Right View was taught by Lord Buddha which he realised from his awakening under the Bodhi tree.

    The Buddha has taught about Four Noble Truths and the Middle Way. Buddhism is science of the mind and unlike followers of theistic religions we only show worship and devotion to those who have realised enlightenment with awakened minds i.e. Buddhas, Bodhisattvas, Sages.

    Buddhist practitioners must know the preciousness of human life over rebirth as a deva, asura or naga as only human beings have good opportunity to learn Dharma and be free from samsara.

    As Christmas is nearly here we can take part in the festivities and rejoice but we must know the noble status of a Buddhist practitioner and have Right View.

    May Mat Tinh Phap overcome difficulties at present and get successful in the future.

    May all sentient beings be healthy and well and be free from suffering.

    May Guru be healthy and live long for the benefit of all beings.

    Om Mani Padme Hum.

    Tantra Sagovana (Ahmed Khan)

     

  26. Pankaj kumar giri says:
    Namo Budhha 🙏🙏🙏

    Dear honorable Guru, thanks a lot for your beautiful message and time you spend for us.

    May all beings be happy

  27. Mark Alley says:
    Dear guru thank you for this excellent article.
  28. Mật Diệu Hằng says:
    Kính bạch Thầy!

    Con xin phép được dịch comment của bạn đọc Pankaj Kumar Giri sang tiếng Việt như sau:

    Mô Phật!

    Kính bạch Thầy tôn quý!

    Con chân thành cảm tạ ơn Thầy vì những lời chỉ dạy tuyệt vời và thời gian quý báu Thầy dành cho chúng con.

    Cầu nguyện tất cả chúng sanh được hạnh phúc.

     

  29. Mật Diệu Hằng says:
    Kính bạch Thầy!

    Con xin phép được dịch comment của bạn đọc Mark Alley sang tiếng Việt như sau:

    Kính bạch Thầy!

    Con cảm tạ ơn Thầy vì bài viết tuyệt vời này.

     

  30. Tantra siramitra says:
    Venerebol Guru.

    My name is tantra siramitra.

    Thank you for the article, very interesting, Dipendent arising, pratita samupada. OM MANI PEDME HUM.

    🌹🌹🌹🌹🌹🌹🌹

     

  31. Steve Rogers says:
    Dear Holy Guru

    I am Tantra Haramitra.

    thank you for this teaching. I have been struggling with what is the right and wrong view for many months.

    I have in my time been around Christians who have told me if you are not a ‘Christian’ and you follow any other ‘belief’ you will be dammed and sent to hell. I’ve also been around people who say that nothing you do in this world has any consequence in the next as there is nothing there. This has brought on attitudes of hatred, selfishness and hurt on both extremes.

    Having read this teaching it has solidified my thoughts into the right view. The gift of the eightfold path is a way to live life where one can benefit all sentient beings leaving love and comfort when we die and no regrets in our last hours.

    Holy Guru May I be blessed with this gift and follow the right path.

    may you Holy Guru be healthy and live a long life for the benefit of all sentient beings

    thank you for this teaching

    Om mani padme hum

     

  32. Brian says:
    Dear Guru

    very absolutely thankful for this article.

    i am a beginner. I’m not sure where or

    how to start. This article is very helpful

    for me. Thank you dear holy Guru.
    OM MANI PADME HUM

  33. Curt owens says:
    Bless you Holy Guru I am at your feet thanking  you for explaining about right view. You are helping me learn and grow
  34. Tantramikaya says:
    dear holy guru. Thank you very much for the excellent article that you share with us. I am grateful that you are teaching us to take the right view and the right path. I have often asked myself what is the right view of things and when do I know if it was right. Everyone faces this question at least once in life. You teach us the teachings of Buddha and give us valuable answers. I learned that nothing is permanent in life. Through Buddha’s teachings I understood that we also have to go through suffering, but despite all despair, suffering is not permanent. That gave me comfort. Everything that has passed and everything that will, will also pass. We want to capture what we cannot capture. The story of the monk is very well told. I was impressed by this story. the right viewing is the foundation of Wisdom. , that’s important, that’s absolutely correct and well explained. The way we want to build a house, we have to use the right ingredients. Your article and your wise knowledge help us to complete our knowledge and to take the right view. To recognize the difference between the right and the wrong ones. We here in the western world often search for meaning or want to “find ourselves new”, we go to lonely places or want to conquer a mountain to find peace and strength. But there is nothing to be found. The me often takes up so much space that we have already found an answer with the right view of the not me. Ours is just a collection of constantly changing physical and mental components that together make up our changing identity. May our holy Guru life long for the sake of all sentient being. May all be happy and succesful on the path of Englightment. Om Mani Padme Hum
  35. Prince saliu Abdulmumin says:
    Dear guru

    This article is making me grow spiritually.

    May guru live long and have good health for the sake of beings.

    May beings be free from suffering.

  36. Michael says:
    Thank you 🙏
  37. Michael says:
    Great and insightful article thank you
  38. Michael says:
    Thank you

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